The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is responsible for enforcing federal anti-discrimination laws that pertain to employment and investigating complaints of violations from California and throughout the country. These laws prohibit various types of discrimination, including the use of genetic information. Specifically, the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 prohibits genetic information discrimination in employment.
Under federal employment law, the protected category of genetic information includes information about an employee's or applicant's genetic tests, family medical history and involvement by either the individual or that person's family in genetic services or related clinical research. Additionally, the genetic information of someone's own or family member's fetus or embryo is protected. It is forbidden to use genetic information in employment decisions, since such information has no relevance to work ability. GINA limits requests for genetic information and permits disclosure in a limited number of circumstances. All aspects of employment, including hiring, terminations, salary, promotions or demotions, fringe benefits and more, are protected by the law.